1 The Tertiary Education Sector
Tertiary education organisations
Tertiary education organisations (TEOs) provide or arrange tertiary education and training.
Two major groups of TEOs provide tertiary education directly.
- Tertiary education institutions (TEIs) are Crown entities and comprise:
– 18 institutes of technology and polytechnics (ITPs)
– eight universities
– three wānanga.
- Private training establishments (PTEs): in 2015, $316.7 million of government funding has been allocated to 246 PTEs across New Zealand. They provide education but, unlike TEIs, are not Crown entities. The Tertiary Education Commission (TEC) allocates funding to this sector mainly through the Student Achievement Component (SAC), Youth Guarantee, and Foundation-Focused Training Opportunities (FFTO) funds.
Industry training organisations (ITOs) are a distinct category of TEO as they are not Crown entities and do not (and are not permitted to) deliver or provide education or training. They set industry training standards, purchase training (often from TEOs) and co-ordinate industry-specific training for employees in training arrangements. ITOs:
- work with industries to set skill standards for qualifications in the sectors they cover
- encourage and promote workplace learning and arrange formal training programmes
- exercise a skills leadership role.